Shoulder Joint Tear

Glenoid Labrum Tear
The glenoid labrum is a fibrous ring of tissue which attaches to the rim of the glenoid shallow hole or socket of the shoulder blade where the ball of the humerus or arm bone sits.

Symptoms
Symptoms include shoulder pain which cannot be localized to a specific point. Pain is made worse by overhead activities or when the arm is held behind the back. The patient may experience weakness and instability in the shoulder with specific tenderness over the front of the shoulder. Pain may be reproduced on resisted flexion of the biceps or bending the elbow against resistance.

Treatment of glenoid labrum tears
Rest and apply cold therapy to reduce pain and inflammation. A doctor may prescribe NSAID’s (non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen) – don’t take if you have asthma. A full and gradual rehabilitation program to restore full function is required.

Unstable injuries will require surgery to re-attach the labrum to the glenoid. Bankart lesions will require surgery. Any underlying causes which contributed to the injury such as shoulder instability should be addressed.