Knee Degenerative conditions

Arthritis
Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more of your joints. The most common type of arthritis to occur in the knee is osteoarthritis, which is a progressive disease that slowly wears away joint cartilage, causing the bones in the knee joint to rub together, ultimately resulting in pain, swelling, stiffness, and a decreased ability to move. Osteoarthritis will typically be present in middle-aged patients. Rheumatoid arthritis can happen at any age. Post-traumatic arthritis can develop after an injury, like a fracture, torn ligament, or a torn meniscus.

While there is no cure for arthritis, there are a number of treatments to help ease the pain and reduce the chances of it becoming worse. A knee brace is often used to stabilize the kneecap and help it move correctly. Painkillers (analgesics) and anti-inflammatory medicines are also used for relief of symptoms. Steroid injections are sometimes given directly into a particularly painful knee joint and will usually last for several weeks or months. Knee replacement surgery is an option to give substantial relief in cases where other treatments fail, but surgery can be painful and take a while to heal. With the use of stem cell technology, stem cells may effectively restore degenerated tissue while providing pain relief, in a manner that requires little to no rehabilitation.

Patellofemoral Syndrome
Chondromalacia patella is the abnormal softening of the cartilage under the kneecap that causes pain in the front of the knee. The kneecap is normally pulled over the end of the femur in a straight line by the quadriceps. Chondromalacia patella results from the degeneration of cartilage, due to poor alignment of the kneecap (patella) as it slides over the lower end of the femur. This process is sometimes referred to as patellofemoral syndrome and may be caused by overuse, excess weight, or injury to the knee.

Patellofemoral Syndrome can be relieved by avoiding activities like sitting, squatting, or kneeling in the bent-knee position for long periods of time. Using a knee brace or taking anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can help reduce swelling and relieve some of the pain. Although surgery is an option, stem cell treatments can effectively treat the symptoms of this injury and help the body to repair itself, without the risks or rehabilitation that come with surgery.

Bursitis
Knee bursitis is inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac (bursa) situated near the knee joint. Bursae reduced friction and cushion pressure points between your bones and the tendons, muscle and skin near your joints. Any of the bursa in your knee can become inflamed, but knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap or on the inner side of your knee below the joint.

Knee bursitis causes pain and can limit your mobility. Treatment for knee bursitis often includes a combination of self-care practices and doctor-administered treatments to alleviate pain and inflammation.

Causes
Knee bursitis can be caused by:

  • Frequent and sustained pressure, such as from kneeling, especially on hard surfaces
  • Overuse or strenuous activity
  • A direct blow to your knee
  • Bacterial infection of the bursa
  • Complications from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or gout in your knee

Symptoms
Knee bursitis signs and symptoms vary, depending on which bursa is affected and what’s causing the inflammation.

  • The area might feel warm, tender and swollen when you put pressure on it
  • Pain when you move or even at rest